Training your dog is very important. Not only is it good for the pet, but the owner gets a lot of benefits from it too. A dog learns how to trust the owner more as they spend quality time while training.
The dog owner also enjoys a lot of things during the training and strengthens his bond with the pet. He gets to discover his dog’s different personalities like cute, aggressive, obedient, tired, happy, and many more. Moreover, the training can help dogs learn basic commands and certain behaviors.
Different trainers use different training techniques to make the dog leave unwanted behavior and obey them. For example, various training collars are used during training, but are they safe for the pet?
Which Training Collar Is the Safest?
Different training collars are used in different training methods. But all of them are not humane and don’t help in positive reinforcement training. Most of them have been banned in some countries due to the physical harm and mental torture they cause to dogs.
A good vet or a professional dog trainer would never allow the use of these inhumane training collars. Let’s go through the list of the most popular training collars for dogs and conclude which of them are safe.
Dogs can easily slip through flat collars, especially those with thick necks and small heads. To solve this problem, some professionals have come up with the idea of martingale collars. The way these collars are made will never let the dogs slip through them. As soon as a dog tries to escape the collar, it tightens around its head.
As a result, dogs are unable to escape. But there’s nothing to worry about; they will not choke your dog. The collar does not tighten more than the size of the dog’s neck. Hence, they are completely humane. Many dog trainers consider them the safest training collars.
Talking about the structure of these collars, they have two loops. One loop is quite smaller in size than the other. Using the larger loop, the size of the collar can be adjusted in accordance with the dog’s neck size. At the same time, the leash is attached to the smaller loop.
Both the loops are made up of fabric, while the smaller loop is sometimes made out of a chain. If a dog tries to escape, just pull the leash a bit, and the collar won’t let him escape. You can train him to walk on a loose leash in this way. Moreover, it’s better to keep checking the collar’s width around the dog’s neck after some time to ensure the pup’s safety.
Pros of Martingale Collars
The first and the foremost advantage is that they are preferred over the flat collars for training. They don’t let the dogs slip through the collar. It can help the dog achieve good behavior. Every time he tries to escape the leash, his head will get stuck. After some tries, he will stop escaping the leash, which can help you take him out on walks with a loose leash or even off-leash.
Due to this reason, these collars are also called greyhound collars, as they won’t let greyhounds escape, not even with that small muzzle size that they have got. Of course, we are not letting the whippets out of the list. This breed has also got a small head and has led to the third name of the collar, whippet collar.
They look just like ordinary collars; others may think you are on a casual walk while, in reality, you are giving your dog some tough time while he wants to be free on the streets.
Cons of Martingale Collars
While martingale collars are the safest collars for training, they have some issues. For instance, they are not safe if the dog is alone. Being a pet owner, you must know that dogs are curious, and sometimes this nature can lead them to certain problems. One such problem arises when you leave the dog with a martingale collar at home, especially under no supervision.
While trying to examine the style of the collar, he might get his paw, or something else stuck in the small loop leading to the tightening of the collar to a dangerous level. Severe choking can cause suffocation and ultimately death. Furthermore, constantly wearing the same collar all day round might lead to the thought of being punished, and that’s not a positive behavior.
Other downsides include the inability to attach identification and vaccine cards. Like other collars, they don’t work if there’s no positive reinforcement. Moreover, small stores often don’t sell these collars; you might need to find them online or at a supermarket with a variety of dog training collars.
A shock collar, also called E-collar, is a training device that uses electric shock to train a dog. Many pet parents seem worried and have questions like, are shock collars safe? Do shock collars work for training dogs? How do shock collars work? This article has got answers to these all.
The psychology behind the shock collars is that he is given an electric shock whenever a dog does something bad. Due to the incThen, dueenience he will experience every time after doing something inappropriate, he will lose that unwanted behavior.
Many trainers have labeled shock collars as an aversive training method. They believe the electric shock that the collar delivers to the dog’s body is not right. They can cause a lot of health hazards like burning the skin, pain, and numbness of the nerves in the area.
These problems may appear over time, with the excessive use of these collars or with the collars built with a constant stimulation level. These collars give off the same intensity of the shock, irrespective of the dog’s tolerance. But that’s not how a modern shock collar works. It has gotten some advantages over the previous version and is the most humane and safest training device.
How to Use Shock Collars?
Before you start E-collar training or shock training your dog, you must know the proper collar use to keep your dog’s life out of danger. First of all, charge the devices well prior to training sessions. Fully charged devices will let you have a longer training session. By the devices, I mean both the transmitter and the E-collar. Now turn on the devices. Next, turn on the E-collar with the help of the button (mostly underneath the collar). The transmitter doesn’t have any on and off buttons; it will just give the command once the collar is on.
Now the next step is the most important one in which you fit the collar around the pup’s neck. Tie it on the upper part of the neck, don’t lower it. That’s the safe point. Don’t tighten it too much; there must be a gap of two fingers between the neck and the collar. If your dog has a thick furry coat, remove the fur underneath the collar with your fingers to the side to increase the contact area.
Now you have to set the stimulation level. Start with zero and increase the level gradually. Notice at which point the dog responds to you; use that point for your pup. Different dogs have different tolerance values. A professional trainer advises not to give the command more than 5 to 6 times per session as too much stimulation can give the dog terrible vibes about the collar. Similarly, these collars are not recommended for teaching the pup a new command as you will have to use the E-collar multiple times. These collars are made for dogs trained with other methods for a particular task. These are just finishing tools that will permanently help the dog develop the habit.
To experience the best E-collar training, buy waterproof E-collars. It is a preventive measure for unexpected rain or the dog getting in a pool or a lake. If you have an ordinary E-collar that’s not waterproof, you need to be careful of the rain, as water can damage the device. Never leave the collar on the dog’s neck for a long time. Firstly, they will perceive it as a punishment, and secondly, if a wrong person gets the transmitter in his hand, he will press the command several times while figuring out what the device is. It can lead to unnecessary physical harm to dogs.
Pros of Shock Collars
The shock collar is built with the ability to adjust the tightness of the collar around the dogs’ neck. One can easily loosen or tighten it with respect to the thickness of the neck. Trainers have used many methods to train the dogs, but shock collar training has been quite effective. Maybe the dogs don’t like to get shock and refrain from unwanted behavior. Even if there’s another case, better and faster training results can be achieved using shock collars.
They are great for giving the dog off-leash training. You can hold the transmitter and sit at a training ground corner. Meanwhile, the dog will run and return when you give the stimulation. These collars can also help with separation anxiety in dogs. Furthermore, many shock collars are accompanied by a sound or a vibration that gives the dog a signal that if he doesn’t do the right thing, he will suffer the shock. There are no prongs and hence no risk of skin damage. Another amazing feature that motivates the trainers to buy shock collars is that they have GPS on them. It helps in letting the hunting dogs wander in the wild without any concern.
They might seem expensive due to all these fantastic features, but they are affordable. Moreover, electronic training uses static shock whose intensity is similar to the shock applied by physical therapists to stimulate muscles, causing no physical harm.
Cons of Shock Collars
Shock collars are not for sensitive dogs. They get scared easily, and instead of obeying you, they might end up being scared of you. So, the collar can ruin the bond of owners and their sensitive dogs. Aggressive dogs show another negative extreme. When dogs become fearful, they start behaving aggressively. Most dogs with anger issues have been reported for biting the owners or kicking other dogs at the training site when they were trained through shock collars. So, before you train your dog, make sure he is neither aggressive nor sensitive otherwise, shock collars will end up on the list of aversive methods. Leaving shock collars on the dog under no supervision can cause several hazards too.
Myths and Reality About Shock Collars
There’s this famous myth about the shock collars that the intensity of the shock is not safe for dogs. But the reality is entirely contrary. Most shock collars work with the help of a static shock. I overheard a professional dog trainer explaining it to his client in easy words. He asked, did you ever rub a plastic ruler on your head, and in the end, the ruler made your hair stand up? Or have you ever tried picking up small paper pieces with a plastic comb immediately after combing hair? The results of these actions are due to static shock. That’s the intensity of the shock your dog gets when the stimulation level of the shock collar is low. Though some collars have the option of both continuous shock and static shock, they are built in such a way that even the continuous shock doesn’t last more than 10 to 12 seconds. With these facts, we can also falsify the myths that state shock collars can severely burn the skin and can even damage internal organs.
Another popular myth says, shock collars work only for hunting dogs as only the hunting dogs need to get distance training. But that’s not true. Your pet needs to get distance training to be off-leash, at least in the backyard. Some trainers say that these are not only aversive training methods but are also a difficult ways to train dogs. Yes, they are difficult to train dogs if you teach them a new command, but that’s not what the shock collars are made for. They are just used to strengthen an already taught behavior.
Can Small Dogs Be Trained With Shock Collars?
While an older dog can easily tolerate a static shock given by the collar, a small dog may not be able to do so. There is a lot of controversy among trainers about whether shock collars are safe for small dogs or not. Some puppies were given the training and were quite fine, so it’s up to you if you want to train your puppy with a shock collar or not.
A vibrating collar for dog training exhibits a vibration feature and comes with remote control. The remote is usually portable and easy to operate. When the button is pressed, the remote delivers a signal to the collar around your dog’s neck. A receiver receives the signal in the collar, which vibrates. This vibration catches your dog’s attention and, safely and effectively, deters him from certain negative behavior. Typically, several adjustable levels of vibration are indicated on the remote display, so you know which vibration level you’re using.
Dog owners typically use vibrating collars to prevent their dogs from barking, but trainers use them for training their dogs using the negative reinforcement method. By applying this method, the dog will be able to associate his bad behavior, like barking or chewing, with the unpleasant buzzing sensation produced by the collar. As a result, it will gradually encourage your dog to refrain from that behavior. Therefore, a vibrating collar is a useful training tool since it stimulates your dog’s participation without causing him physical pain. As a result, it is considered a humane way of training your pet.
Vibrating collars may look similar to vibration bark collars, which are meant to suppress barking in dogs, but both design is very different. Bark collars are equipped with a sensor that detects barking and vibrates automatically as a response. The buzzing of vibrating collars, on the other hand, is regulated by the remote control in the trainer’s hand.
Pros of Vibration Collars
A vibrating collar is a more humane alternative to a shock collar for dog trainers. Unlike a shock collar, which utilizes a static shock, vibrating collars use a gentle buzz to trigger a response in a dog. Although both operate on the principle of negative reinforcement, most shock collars use physical pain to provide impetus, preventing the dog from engaging in undesirable behavior. Instead of shock collars, experts recommend vibrating collars because they act based on sensation rather than harm.
Off-leash training is another advantage of utilizing a vibrating collar. You can always restrain your dog from inappropriate behavior from a distance of many feet since the buzzing of the collar is controlled by remote control. This is ideal because you don’t have to keep your dog on a leash all of the time to control his behavior, which can be frustrating for both you and your dog. Furthermore, the remote control has no impact on your dog’s bond with you because he will never know that you are the one who is causing the buzzing sensation.
Vibrating collars have been shown to be quite useful in training dogs with hearing impairment. You should make your dog wear the collar every now and then and then forget about it for a few days. Make the collar vibrate gently after some time has passed, and give your dog a treat when he looks at you. Repeat the process until your dog associates the treat with the vibration and looks towards you whenever the vibration button is pressed.
Cons of Vibration Collars
Vibrating collars may not work very well with aggressive dogs or with those pups who are overly sensitive. The collar’s vibration is perceived by sensitive dogs, especially young ones, as a severe punishment from their master, and they may get depressed as a result. Therefore, remote vibration collars should not be used on small puppies who are already fearful and hesitant, as the device will only worsen their anxiety. In addition, the collar is likely to encourage unwanted behavior or promote stubbornness in aggressive dogs when used on them. The uncomfortable buzzing sensation is a common cause of aggression in them.
If your dog has very delicate skin, the design of the vibration collar is likely to irritate his skin. If he wears it for an extended period of time, he may develop contact allergies or rashes. Furthermore, if your pet is “very fluffy,” this collar will not be effective in training him. Mechanical receptors are deep beneath the thick coat of a dog with long hair. The vibrations from this collar will not be strong enough to excite his receptors. Thus he will be unable to respond. During such training, the dog’s thick fur will be a hindrance.
Tips for Choosing a Vibration Collar
When looking to buy a vibration collar for your dog, the first thing to consider is the size. Because most collars come in small, medium, and large sizes, you’ll need to double-check your dog’s weight and neck size to ensure that the collar fits properly. A excessively tight or too loose collar may undoubtedly cause him to lose concentration during training sessions. Therefore, always choose a collar that is worth your money and is durable enough to withstand many training sessions. In addition, the collar should be made of weatherproof and waterproof material so that your dog can play in the rain while wearing it.
The battery timing of the collar should be long enough to cope with longer training sessions. The remote control should have a long-range so that you can train your dog off-leash even if he’s several feet away from you. Next, you must select a collar with vibration levels that may be adjusted. It’s best if you have as many vibration options as possible. You can start with light vibrations and gradually increase the intensity as your dog becomes accustomed to the previous level. Furthermore, some high-quality vibration collars include a display that allows you to monitor the intensity of vibration and your dog’s training progress at the same time.
The prong collar may look very similar to the choke chain collar. Almost the entire collar is made up of metal, particularly steel. However, the control loop to which the leash is attached may be a nylon strap in some designs. The collar consists of a chain that is formed by a sequence of D-shaped metal links. These links have teeth-like metallic protrusions with blunted ends, sometimes known as prongs. These prongs are capable of moving back and forth when the collar is pushed or pulled.
The collar is worn in such a way that the metal noose is wrapped around your dog’s neck with the prongs facing towards his neck. As a result, when a dog tries to tug on the leash, the prongs press in on his neck, pinching the loose skin of his neck. In addition, the prongs may exert pressure and dig into the dog’s skin if not worn properly, giving him pain. Therefore, properly fitting a prong collar to your dog is essential.
Risks of Prong Collars
There are many risk factors associated with the use of prong collars in dog training. To begin with, the use of prong collars is one of the many aversive methods of dog training. It employs pain to elicit a response from the dog, thereby correcting his poor behavior, which could include escaping a leash, picking up food leftovers from the street, or something else. Some pet lovers believe that avoiding such aversive methods and applying positive reinforcement can be more effective in training your dog. In addition, painful punishments during training can be the cause of emotional distress and depression in dogs.
Apart from being inhumane, other risk factors are associated with the poor wearing practices of these collars. All the professional trainers are aware of the exact position of the neck that is better suited to the collar and less susceptible to injury due to wearing it. The collar should be fitted up high, just below the jawline. If worn the other way, the loose skin of the lower neck caught in the prongs can add to the pain during training. If worn for extended periods, it can damage the underlying tissues of the trachea, esophagus, and thyroid gland. Longer exposure to prongs can also cause necrosis of the areas of the neck that are in contact with prongs. If necrosis becomes severe, it can cause wounds.
Testing Prong Collars on Humans
To increase the sale of their prong collars, some companies have conducted an experiment in which they tried the prong collars on humans. They didn’t hurt, and humans tolerated them well. But the companies failed to recognize the underlying problem.
The problem needed to be identified from the biological point of view. The reason prongs didn’t hurt humans is because of the difference in the thickness of the epidermis. The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin that acts as a shield and protects the body against harm from environmental hazards. According to Vetwest, the dog’s epidermis has a thickness of 3 to 5 cells, while on other hand human epidermis has a thickness of more than 10 to 15 cells. Moreover, human hair keeps growing from the hair follicles, whereas dogs’ hair grows to a certain length and starts shedding. However, they don’t make a major difference. But they do matter.
After this comparison, no one wants to believe the human experiment conducted by those companies. Of course, they probably didn’t know the difference either, but it’s important to make the public aware that they should avoid using prong collars for their pets.
Are Prong Collars Recommended?
We will never recommend using a prong collar for training your dog unless you are a certified trainer and are well aware of the protocols regarding collar training. Prong collars are an aversive training tool. This training is generally based on punishment or negative reinforcement. So, what’s the point of training your cute pup with punishments when he listens well to you when you offer him treats? If you really love your dog, you may not want to affect your bond with him by making the dog realize that; his leash in your hands is associated with discomfort and pain.
There are several alternatives to prong collars that are available for training dogs; you can go for them. But if you really want to use prong collars for your dog, make sure that it fits correctly and is worn at the right part of his neck. Also, don’t leave the collar there on his neck for extended periods of time, as it can lead to different injuries of the skin and damage to the internal issues. Finally, whenever using a prong collar on your dog, discuss it with his vet beforehand to avoid any behavioral issues in the future.
Are Pinch Collars Different From Prong Collars?
No, there is no difference between a pinch and a prong collar. Both are different terminologies for the same training device. The name prong collar is due to the prongs on the inner side of the collar, whereas the pinch collar refers to the effect caused by these prongs. Both names are used interchangeably by different dog trainers.
Choke chain collars or choke collars are the most inhumane training collars ever. It would not be wrong to call their use aversive training methods. As the name implies, the collar is made up of a metal chain. Many people say it works just like a martingale collar, but I disagree. Though it was made to work like a martingale collar, it never turned out like that. Martingale provides the ability to loosen or tighten the collar as per need, whereas the choke collar does not. Similarly, the martingale collar never tightens more than the dog’s neck size, whereas choke collars can tighten enough o choke the dog. The chain idea was not great to begin with.
Risks of Choke Collars
There are a lot of risks associated with the use of choke collars in dogs. Dogs new to training try to escape a lot, and if he is wearing a choke collar, he is at peril of several health concerns. First, the tightening of the chain around the neck is very painful, and it can choke the dog and results in severe suffocation (decreased oxygen availability), also called asphyxiation. Besides this, the following damages are possible:
A study conducted by a vet in 2006 demonstrates that collar stress increases the intraocular pressure that damages the eyes and increases the risk of glaucoma. It is a painful condition in which the fluid flows continuously from the eyes. Dogs suffering from glaucoma can end up being blind. The trachea is the second most susceptible organ. Coughing and snoring are the signs of an injured trachea. The thyroid gland is also present nearby. It can undergo trauma and swell. The swollen thyroid gland stimulates the unnecessary immune response. If the morphology changes, it can lead to hypothyroidism.
Wearing the choke collar constantly can cause bruises on the skin. Even when they are healed, they leave scars. The dog may lose all its fur in the area under the collar. The esophagus (food pipe) can be damaged. A bone might break, or a muscle might get stretched, resulting in a neck sprain. Too much pressure can damage the nerves leading to spinal cord injuries, paralysis, and fainting. If any of the conditions mentioned above become severe in a dog, he might die. Even if he survives the pain, he will be in trauma for the rest of his life. The collars can deteriorate his mental health, making him unable to trust collars and trainers again.
Are Choke Collars Recommended?
Considering the risks of the choke collars, they are not recommended. No one would like to put his dog’s life in threat. Moreover, they are not recommended when the dog is alone with no one to keep an eye on him. If the collar gets stuck in a rod or any other long thing, it might suffocate the dog. The dog might strangle himself while playing with the collar. Hence, they are not safe and not recommended.
Someone might wonder when these collars are that harmful; why are they not banned yet? A professional trainer can use the chain collar in the right way. There is this technique in which the trainers make the P shape of the collar, make the dog stand on their left side, and put the collar on. It is an easy and safe way to use this collar. You can try putting on the collar this way and the other normal way, too; you will observe that making that P shape makes the pulling and releasing easy. If the dog barks or tries to run, just pull the leash a bit now to prevent the suffocation of losing the collar. The quick-release due to the P shape of the collar can help you train the dog without causing him any harm. Moreover, keep the collar position high behind the ears, as it’s the safest point, according to experts.
Do you ever hear the neighbor’s dog barking too loud continuously? It’s a headache, right? Your neighbor may think the same if your dog barks pointlessly. Spray collars, also called anti-bark collars, use a spray to make the dog avoid excessive barking. It has a microphone that detects the dog’s bark and emits the spray. Most of the time, the spray is from the citronella plant. It is considered toxic for dogs and is associated with many health problems. But health issues arise either by smelling citronella candles for a long time or by ingesting citronella oil because they have citronella in abundant amounts. The spray collars use only a minute amount of spray that is considered safe for dogs.
Moreover, the spray is directed towards their muzzle, most of which is lost in the air. Many trainers have used this training collar and found their dogs fit and healthy. You can also use this collar without any concern, but keep checking for skin rashes, irritation, or other health problems in the dog. Don’t use the collar if you have more than one dog. The microphone can detect the bark of a second dog, and the first dog might be facing the spray unnecessarily.
Headcollars, also called head halters, are the safest training tools. They have two straps; one is fitted behind the ears while the other is above the muzzle. They are much better than neck collars as there is no risk of damaging the trachea or esophagus, no choking, and no risk of glaucoma. They won’t harm even if the dog tries to run but will not let them escape either. But, of course, dogs with small heads don’t have a chance to escape either.
Moreover, the trainers need to put less effort into keeping the dog on a leash. Aggressive and sensitive dogs don’t seem to mind these collars either. You can control when your dog is barking for no reason at all. A dog learns more when comfortable and happy, so the headcollars can be a great tool for training your dog with positive reinforcement.
Some dogs don’t become used to this collar right away. Let them take their time. Once they become accustomed to it, it can be the best training tool.
Invisible Fence Collar
Invisible fence collars are a pet containment system. It involves an invisible fence (underground wire) connected to and receiving the signal from the collar. When the dog (wearing the collar) approaches the boundary, the collar gives off a beep as a signal. If the dog continues moving, it might give him a minute electric shock. After some attempts, he will know that he is forbidden to cross this specific boundary and learns his limits.
There are two main reasons you should consider buying an invisible fence collar for your dog. Firstly, it will prevent him from going to the neighbor’s yard, and secondly, it will let him roam around in your yard freely. In the first case, the benefit seems to be the happy neighborhood, and in the second case, the benefit seems to be the dog knowing its limits even in your absence. It is especially essential to forget the dog in the yard in an emergency case. At the same time, he seems to enjoy freedom (at least within the yard). In short, the collars are a great boundary training device if accompanied by positive reinforcement.
Pros of Invisible Fence Collar
There are a lot of advantages of using invisible fence collars. First of all, there will be a decreased level of road accidents by avoiding free-roaming. It will not only protect your dog but will also protect the bikers and cyclers. Fewer accidents mean less contact with infectious microorganisms and hence fewer diseases. The dog will not go out and will not be lost or taken up by a thief. It might seem expensive with a separate wiring system and a rechargeable collar, but fortunately, it’s affordable.
Many people don’t put up fences because either the dogs make them dirty by printing the impression of their paws filled with mud, or the fence blocks the sight of the beautiful yard. An invisible fence collar will save your cleaning time and won’t hide the beauty of your yard as well. For the traditional fences, there’s a problem with the land. They can be installed on plain surfaces only. No such issue is faced while installing invisible fences. They can be installed on any land, whether plain or sloppy.
Last but not least, it is easy to install. There are no hard and fast rules, and you don’t even need technicians. You can do it by yourself.
Cons of Invisible Fence Collar
Though this pet containment system will train your dog not to cross the boundary, it will not protect the dog from outside dangers. Pet thieves can quickly enter the yard and take your dog away as the fence doesn’t affect the humans. All the electrical systems have the problem of power supply. The collar works with the help of a battery. If you have not charged it enough or used the collar for a long time, the power might run out. Once the collar is off, the fence will not detect your dog entering or leaving the yard. Some dogs get frustrated seeing other animals roaming freely in the streets while getting shocks every time they try to cross the boundary. Even if the dog passes the boundary, the collar will again give him a shock on re-entering.
Many collars leave long-term health effects on the dog, but the owners mostly ignore them. Some companies use static shock in the collars, but that’s not true. Many of these collars emit continuous shock, sometimes of high intensity. It can burn your dog’s skin and can cause some related issues. Such a high-intensity shock can make the dog undergo permanent fear. He might avoid coming out of the house and living in isolation. The training method can even put your bonding at risk.
How to Buy the Safest Training Collar for a Dog?
You need to keep in mind certain things before buying a training collar for your dog. First of all, keep the purpose of the training in your mind. Several collars are built for specific training purposes, such as some prevent excessive barking only, some keep them confined in a designated area, and some help in learning certain commands and behaviors. Then you will buy a collar according to your dog’s nature. For example, you will not buy a shock collar for a sensitive or aggressive dog.
Similarly, for a deaf dog, a collar with a vibration feature is better. Consider the safety of your dog while buying the collar. Double-check if it tightens and loosens quickly. For a shock collar, do check if they have adjustable levels. Make sure the collar is durable with a good warranty. In short, buy the safest and the most humane collar for your dog.
There are different training collars. Many of them offer a safe and humane training method, but many of them are not safe. Martingale collars are the safest collars with a lot of advantages. Shock collars are great finishing tools that help strengthen a certain behavior. However, both the collars should not be left on the dog when he is alone. He can be at the risk of several dangers. A vibration collar is another safe collar and works best for sensitive dogs who are afraid of getting an electric shock.
Headcollars are also safe and humane. They neither let the dog slip through nor harm him. Similarly, spray collars and invisible fence collars are also safe for training. Though they have got some disadvantages, the pros dominated them. Besides these, there are several aversive methods like prong collars and choke collars. They are not only unsafe but can cause a lot of health problems. So, choose a suitable collar for training your pup.
I hope you find this blog post helpful. Happy training!